Diabetes is a serious disease that can develop from lack of insulin production in the body or due to the inability of the body's insulin to perform its normal everyday functions. Insulin is a substance produced by the pancreas gland that helps process the food we eat and turn it into energy. Diabetes affects approximately 26 million adults and children in the USA and is classified into 2 different types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually associated with juvenile diabetes and is often linked to heredity. Type 2, commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes, is characterized by elevated blood sugars, often in people who are overweight or have not attended to their diet properly.
Come talk to our team about your diabetic needs – blood glucose monitoring meters, and test strips as well as insulin pens & syringes. We offer a large variety of Diabetic shoes in several top brands and well as shoe inserts that can be fitted by our certified shoe experts.
The Types of Diabetes.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes, yet two factors are important in both. You inherit a predisposition to the disease then something in your environment triggers it.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.
In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
Many complications can be associated with diabetes. Diabetes disrupts the vascular system, affecting many areas of the body such as the eyes, kidneys, legs, and feet. People with diabetes should pay special attention to their feet as well as the following conditions:
- Heart disease and stroke - Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes. The risk for stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes.
- High blood pressure – 67% of adults aged 20 years or older with self-reported diabetes have high blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg or used prescription medications for hypertension.
- Blindness - Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years.
- Kidney disease - Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of new cases in 2008.
- Amputation - More than 60% of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes.
- Nervous system disease (Neuropathy) - About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage.
For more information please visit: www.diabetes.org.