Q: Recently I’ve started noticing dandruff flakes. What is the best way to eliminate dandruff?
A: Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which small pieces of dry skin flake off of the scalp. It may also cause itching, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The most effective way to treat and control dandruff is to use dandruff shampoo and scalp treatments. Follow the instructions on the dandruff shampoo bottle. Some dandruff shampoos require that you lather and then leave the shampoo in for about five minutes before rinsing. Others should not be left on the scalp.
If you are Caucasian or Asian-American, shampoo daily and use dandruff shampoo twice a week, suggests the AAD. If using one dandruff shampoo does not bring relief, try alternating between shampoos with different active ingredients. If you are African- American, only shampoo once a week using a dandruff shampoo. See a board-certified dermatologist for the best product recommendation for your hair type.
Be careful when using a dandruff shampoo that contains coal tar. Tar shampoo can discolor light-colored hair and can make your scalp more sensitive to sunlight.
If you continue to have symptoms after using a dandruff shampoo, consult a board-certified dermatologist.